VITAMINS & MINERALS and where to get them

Low melon fruits

My favourite supplements to top up the levels:

Vitamin D3 Minty Spray for Babies –   BetterYou D Lux Infant Vit D Oral Spray 15ml x 1
                              

And kids –   Dlux 15 ml BetterYou Junior Daily Oral D3 Spray

Iron Liquid Feroglobin – Vitabiotics Feroglobin Liquid – 500 ml

Omega 3 Fish oils –        Super Hero 100 ml DHA Omega 3 Fish Oil for Kids

Probiotics – BioGaia ProTectis Probiotic Drops 5ml

Multivitamins –      Zita West MyBaba Childrens Multivitamin & MultiBiotic Berry Flavoured Powder – 3 month supply

What are they?

These are compounds that are found in foods and are needed by the body, as we don’t have them or produce them ourselves, to function properly, stave off illness and grow well.

Children are in particular need of keeping their levels up as they are growing, and building new tissue, cells, bones and systems. Often there are some that children do not get enough of, so check below to see where to get each of them from in your food. Anaemia, iron deficiency and Vitamin D deficiency are the most common in children, and often undiagnosed.

Fat Soluble

Vitamin A – Also known as Retinol builds immune system and fights infections, keeps skin and vision healthy.

Sources of Vit A:     Whole milk, butter, egg yolks, liver, green vegetables, watercress, kale, spinach, prunes, carrots, squash, sweet potatoes, oranges, apricots, peaches, melon and mangoes

Vitamin K – Responsible for blood clotting, wound healing and bone health.

Sources of Vit K:     Green Vegetables; spinach, kale, greens, broccoli, lettuce, watercress, cabbage, brussel sprouts, liver, asparagus, oats, peas, green beans, butter, eggs, kelp

Vitamin D

Higher Nature 13ml Vitamin D Spray

Regulates the amount of calcium and phosphate in the body, keeping bones and teeth healthy. It is very common for small children to be lacking in this, which can lead to bone pain, low immune systems, tenderness “growing pains”, bone deformities and rickets. See detailed section on this for more info.

Sources of Vit D:      SUNSHINE! Salmon, sardines, tuna, shrimps, sunflower seeds, liver, eggs and mushrooms

Vitamin E – Acts as an antioxidant to protect cell membranes and a healthy immune system.

Sources of Vit E:      Wheat germ oil, Almonds, sesame oil, Walnuts, Cashews, pecans, sunflower seeds, sunflower oil, linseeds, olive oil, butter, spinach, salmon, brown rice, rye flour, pecans and carrots

Water soluble

Vitamin Bs – These are 8 water soluble vitamins, including folic acid, that play a role in providing energy.

Sources of Vit B

Chickpeas, sunflower seeds, brown rice, fish, chicken, meat, clams, cashews, almonds, buckwheat, lentils, avocados, kale, rye, bananas, millet, oatmeal

Vitamin C – Protects cells, immune system, maintains connective tissue, helps wound healing.

Sources of Vit C

Sweet peppers, acerola cherries, kale, parlsey, citrus fruits, watercress, strawberries, cabbage, asparagus, kiwis, broccoli, brussel sprouts, melon and oysters

Folate – It’s a B Vitamin – the man made version is called folic acid – that helps new tissues and proteins form, and aids digestion and nervous system development. For pregnant women it’s crucial in preventing birth defects.

Sources of Folate

Yeast, black-eyed peas, liver, kidney beans, mung beans, lentils, walnuts. Dark leafy greens like spinach and kale, cabbage, peanuts, broccoli, barley, almonds, oatmeal, figs and avocado

Minerals

Iron – Makes red blood cells to carry oxygen around the body.

Sources – Kelp, yeast, molasses, pumpkin seeds, liver, sunflower seeds, millet, parsley, clams, almonds, cashews, prunes, red meat, raisins, chard, kale, dates, eggs, lentils, pulses, brown rice, dried apricots, dark/raw chocolate

Zinc – Antioxidant, anti-carcinogenic, anti-viral, wound-healing, reproductive health, growth and immune system regulator.

Sources – Oysters, ginger, red meat, nuts, pulses, egg yolks, milk, chicken, sardines, buckwheat, prawns, oily fish, white fish

Magnesium – Helps turn food into energy, DNA repair and bone health.

Sources –Seaweed, kelp, almonds, cashews, molasses, buckwheat, brazil nuts, millet, tofu, coconut flesh, spinach, brown rice, dates, apricots, prawns, sweet corn, avocados

Calcium – There is more of this than any other mineral, its crucial for children for building strong bones, teeth, nerve and muscle function and heart beat regulation.

Sources – Kelp, seaweed, dark leafy greens; kale, spinach, milk, cheese, almonds, parsley, corn, watercress, tofu, figs, sunflower seeds, buckwheat, sesame seeds, olives, broccoli

Manganese – Helps make and activate enzymes in the body, bone and ligament formation.

Sources – Nuts, barley, buckwheat, split peas, wholemeal flour, spinach, oats, raisins, rhubarb, beans, avocado, Brussels sprouts

Potassium – Controls fluid balance, nerves, hormones and heart muscle function.

Sources – Seaweed, red meat, chicken, potato, banana, sunflower seeds, dates, figs, almonds, mushrooms, squash, carrots, yams, garlic, millet and pulses

Selenium – Antioxidant, reproductive health, DNA repair.

Sources – Butter, brazil nuts, cider vinegar, scallops, prawns, lobster, barley, oats, crab, chard, red meat, milk, fish, garlic, eggs, mushrooms, alfalfa

Common Deficiencies in Children

By giving your family a diet of varied, delicious and fresh foods, the vitamin content will naturally be high, and the body’s ability to absorb and use nutrients from natural occurring vitamins and minerals is much greater than synthetic pills and powders. So first off think of nutrient dense foods like any of the recipes on here as vitamin pills in themselves. Smoothies are a great way of adding a boost of goodness particularly if children are ill, or off their food.

However, there are certain areas that children, particularly can have deficiencies commonly. And in order to ensure they are covered, almost as a back-up, the following are the most commonly deficient in children and are a good idea to supplement.

Vitamin D3
Higher Nature 13ml Vitamin D Spray

Bone, Immune and nervous system health. See separate post on Vitamin D

We take the delicious minty spray above, every day to keep levels topped up.

Iron
Vitabiotics Feroglobin Liquid – 500 ml

Helps the body move oxygen from the lungs to the muscles and round the body. It is essential for growth and development of children. Usually without symptoms, lots of children can be low in iron. Babies use up their iron store by 6 months and from then on require consistent levels to maintain rapid growth and health. Lethargy, pallor, irritability and fussy eating are all symptoms of a depleted iron store. A good source to keep levels up is  Feroglobin liquid, above.

Omega Fatty acids
Super Hero 100 ml DHA Omega 3 Fish Oil for Kids

Particularly DHA and EPA for brain, hormone and nervous system development. A good source of topping up levels is Bare Biology’s Superhero Fish oil

Probiotics
Zita West MyBaba Childrens Multivitamin & MultiBiotic Berry Flavoured Powder – 3 month supply

These are crucial for the lining of the gut to maintain a healthy immune system and are depleted by poor diet and too much sugar. The bacteria in the gut is responsible for 70% of the bodies defence system, and children have immature digestive systems that need more help than others. These bacteria also help with the production of some vitamins. Supplementing with these is especially important if taking antibiotics. Make sure to stagger the two, probiotics then antibiotics with at least a 2/3 hour gap. I really like Zita West x MyBaba Strawberry Powder that tastes deliciously strawberry-like and you can sprinkle on yoghurt or add to smoothies.

These are to ensure they’re covered on all bases but do remember that the most important thing is that they have a really colourful, varied diet rich in fresh fruit, vegetables, grains, beans, meat and fish. There are lots of recipes to choose form here. All bursting with vitamins and minerals and specially designed for kids to get maximum nutrients from.

If you are worried about any deficiencies do go to your GP.